“We can make classrooms good places for learning for everybody
without jeopardizing a child’s future.”

- President Barack Obama
My Brother’s Keeper Initiative


Discipline Disparities Series – Briefing Papers

The Discipline Disparities Research to Practice Collaborative, within a national context of troubling disparities and promising solutions, has used information from stakeholder groups, as well as knowledge of the current status of research in the field, to craft this series of informational briefs and supplementary research papers with targeted recommendations customized for different audiences.

Click on the links and thumbnail images provided below to view all Briefing Papers.

Overview

Discipline Disparities Series:
Overview

Key Findings | Conclusiones Claves


Key Points:

  • The Problem of Discipline Disparities
  • Consequences of Discipline Disparities for Youth
  • Summary of Findings and Recommendations

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Executive Summary: Key Findings
Full Briefing Paper: Overview

Suggested Citation:
Carter, P., Fine, M., & Russell, S., (2014). Discipline Disparities Series: Overview. Bloomington, IN: The Equity Project at Indiana University. Available at http://rtpcollaborative.indiana.edu/briefing-papers/

Interventions

How Educators Can Eradicate Disparities in School Discipline:
A Briefing Paper on School-Based Interventions

Executive Summary | Intervenciones


Key Points:

  • Principles and Programs to Reduce Disparities in School Discipline
  • The Context of Disparities
  • Equity-Oriented Prevention Practices
  • Equity-Oriented Intervention and Conflict Resolution

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Executive Summary: Interventions
Full Briefing Paper: Interventions

Suggested Citation:
Gregory, A., Bell, J., & Pollock, M., (2014). How educators can eradicate disparities in school discipline: A briefing paper on school-based interventions. Bloomington, IN: The Equity Project at Indiana University. Available at http://rtpcollaborative.indiana.edu/briefing-papers/

Policy Recommendations

Eliminating Excessive and Unfair Exclusionary Discipline in Schools: Policy Recommendations for Reducing Disparities
Executive Summary | Recomendaciones de Políticas


Key Points:

  • School Removal: Too Often for Minor Rule-Breaking
  • Excessive Exclusion Harms Some Groups More Than Others
  • Harm is Far More Extensive and Expensive than Most Realize
  • School Factors Contribute to Disparities
  • Effective and Promising Alternatives to Exclusionary Discipline
  • Federal and State Policy Recommendations

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Executive Summary: Policy Recommendations
Full Briefing Paper: Policy Recommendations

Suggested Citation:
Losen, D., Hewitt, D., & Toldson, I., (2014). Eliminating excessive and unfair exclusionary discipline in schools: Policy recommendations for reducing disparities. Bloomington, IN: The Equity Project at Indiana University. Available at http://rtpcollaborative.indiana.edu/briefing-papers/

New Research

New and Developing Research:
Disparities in Discipline

Executive Summary | Nueva Investigación


Key Points:

  • What We Have Learned: Key New Findings
  • Schools Have The Power to Change Their Rates of Exclusion
  • Consequences of Discipline Disparities & Incarceration for Youth
  • Promising Solutions and Interventions
  • Future Research Needs

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Executive Summary: New Research
Full Briefing Paper: New Research

Suggested Citation:
Skiba, R. J., Arredondo, M. I., & Rausch, M.K., (2014). New and developing research on disparities in discipline. Bloomington, IN: The Equity Project at Indiana University. Available at http://rtpcollaborative.indiana.edu/briefing-papers/

Supplementary

The following Supplementary Papers are designed to help address many commonly held beliefs about discipline disparities. The Supplementary Papers include:

ARE BLACK KIDS WORSE? MYTHS AND FACTS ABOUT RACIAL DIFFERENCE IN BEHAVIOR
by Russell J. Skiba and Natasha S. Williams
This paper is a review of the evidence on the degree to which racial disparities in school discipline are due to more severe or serious behavior among Black students.

CAN “DE-BIASING” STRATEGIES HELP TO REDUCE RACIAL DISPARITIES IN SCHOOL DISCIPLINE?: SUMMARY OF THE LITERATURE
by Johanna Wald
A review of the evidence on the degree to which implicit bias – the subtle and often unconscious beliefs and stereotypes concerning race and difference – may contribute to disparities in school discipline.

DISCIPLINE DISPARITIES: MYTHS VS. FACTS
This document lists many myths about discipline disparities and the evidence-based facts that call these commonly held beliefs into question.